India is known for its heritage and art. Textile manufacturing has been a part of Indian culture for many years and is rich by different types of hand block printing. The states of Gujarat and Rajasthan are known for their exceptional printed textiles which are also considered as the origin of both modern and traditional Indian block printing. The art is first pioneered there and has now turned out as the great source of fashion which is popular not only in India but is exported all over the world.
The art of block printing may differ with the places. Rajasthan, Gujrat, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are the places where the production is done on a very large scale. With the varying places, the design patterns also vary. For example, if you see the design patterns from eastern regions, the design is usually large and bold whereas design patterns from western regions are quite small and not so bold. Among all, Ajrakh and Lepakshi are the most demanded design patterns by people. These different types of block printing are procured with diverse techniques, and a brief introduction of them is given below.
Types of block printing techniques
In this technique of block printing, the complete fabric is dipped in colour and, then the area where the design needs to be created is reacted with a chemical to fade it. Then this faded portion is again coloured with a different hue. This discharge printing process leaves the fabric with a special coloured effect of block printing in textile.
Regular direct printing:
Among all the techniques, this is the most used technique to get the block prints on fabric. Beautiful patterns for bedsheets and designer shirts are created using this technique. To carry out regular direct printing, first the silk or cotton fabric is processed under the bleaching process to strengthen their absorbing power, and then their greyish colour is removed by giving them a yellowish tinge. Now when the cloth is dry, the printing process is done by wooden blocks and dyes.
As the name states, in this technique the fabric is coloured with some resistant factor, i.e. some areas of the fabric are made immune to colour simply by applying a mixture of clay and resin on it. After this, the fabric is coloured with dyes that leave the fabric with whirling designs which are considered beautiful in block printing textile.
Just follow your technique and Block printing can create rich and colourful designs that are loved by everyone.